When is Best Time to Visit Upper Mustang : Need to Know

  • Jyoti Maharjan
  • Last Updated on Apr 11, 2024

Upper Mustang is an isolated region of the trans-Himalayan mountains bordering Tibet. The area has a distinct Tibetan flavor in terms of people, culture, and landscape. The Upper Mustang region is well-known for its towering, rocky, colorful cliffs and caves. However, it is most visible in rock paintings, monasteries, and high snowy mountains. This blog helps you know the best time to trek Upper Mustang.

The old walled city of Lo Manthang, the Mustang region's capital, is the main attraction of the Upper Mustang Tour Package. This historic city is home to the royal palace, monasteries, and complex architecture that presents the rich heritage of the region.

Embark on a captivating Upper Mustang Trek, starting in Pokhara and culminating in the ancient city of Lo-Manthang. Traverse traditional villages along the way, immersing yourself in the rich cultural tapestry of the region. To ensure an optimal experience, plan your adventure during the Upper Mustang Trek's best time, reveling in the breathtaking landscapes and vibrant hues. This journey is a perfect blend of physical challenge and cultural immersion, promising an unforgettable trekking experience in Nepal.

The Upper Mustang Trek requires you to be aware of the weather to choose the best time of year. It is variable, depending on the season. If you are interested in the Upper Mustang Trek in winter, you should prepare for an authentic experience.

Similarly, if you plan the Upper Mustang Trek during the summer, the monsoon has no effect on any excursions above Kagbeni. Because it is in the rain shadow, there is no monsoon in this desert region, making it a wonderful summer destination.

Highlights of the Trek


Jomsom is the gateway to Upper Mustang Trekking. Located at an elevation of 2800 meters, it stretches over the riverbank of Kali Gandaki. The main inhabitants of the place are the Thakali people. Jomsom is also the headquarters of the Mustang district. Jomsom is accessible by road or flight from Pokhara. Many trekkers fly from Pokhara to Jomsom and trek to Lo-Manthang. Also, many trekkers finished their trekking and flew to Pokhara.

There are ATM facilities in Jomsom. You can get coffee shop, department store for shopping, etc. In the ancient period, it was a part of the Trans-Himalayan salt trading route. Jomsom is completely rain-shadowed by the Dhaulagiri and Annapurna massifs. The area gets rare rainfall.

Lo Manthang Kingdom
Lo Manthang Kingdom

Lo Manthang

Lo Manthang, the capital of the old Kingdom of Mustang, is one of the best highlights of trekking in Upper Mustang. Discover the enchanting towns of the far north on the Lo Manthang Trek in Mustang. Uncover the hidden beauty of this offbeat journey, delving into the region's unique culture and history for an unforgettable experience. Lo Manthang is 3,800 meters above sea level and is the center of government for either the Mustang district or the Kingdom of Lo.

The most interesting thing about the town of Lo Manthang is that it has a unique blend of Tibetan Buddhist culture, perfect for those with a short attention span or seeking a weekend vacation.

Muktinath Temple

Located at an elevation of 3800 meters, Muktinath Temple is a holy spot for Hindus and Buddhists. The Hindus believe that Lord Bishnu got salvation from the curse of Brinda here. “Mukti” means salvation, Nirvana, and Nath means God of Master". Muktinath holds great significance for spiritual people in South Asia.

A pagoda-style temple in Muktinath is surrounded by 108 stone holy taps at a height of seven feet. The people who visited Muktinath got a holy shower from these 108 taps.

Muktinath, one of the world's most well-known religious attractions, attracts thousands of travelers each year. Most people who visit Muktinath are from other countries and go to or come from the Annapurna Circuit Trek. Year-round, riders love the trail to Muktinath. Its timeless appeal and scenic beauty make it a perennial favorite for the riding community.

Kali Gandaki River Gorge

Traveling through the Kali Gandaki valley is similar to visiting the world's deepest gorge. The Kali Gandaki River Gorge is known as the world's deepest gorge between the world's two tallest mountains, Dhaulagiri (8167 m) and Annapurna (809 m).

The summits are only 30 kilometers apart, as seen from above. The world's deepest gorge lies between Mount Dhaulagiri and Mount Annapurna, 5647 meters below Dhaulagiri and 5517 meters below Annapurna.

The main attraction of Kali Gandaki River Gorge is the famous Luri Gompa which lies in the remote part of Mustang, about 100 meters up on sheer rock cliffs. Beautiful sights may be seen up close, including mountains, traditional towns, rich green woods, a parched desert, a deep gorge, and high elevation.

The other main draw of the Kali Gandaki Valley is the difference between the historic salt trade route to Tibet, which includes a trip via the Kali Gandaki Valley. The Magar, Gurung, and Thakali people are the most common residents of the Kali Gandaki corridor. Visitors can learn about the traditions and cultural heritage of the villages in the Annapurna trekking region.

Kagbeni Village

Kagbeni is a lovely Nepalese village located in the Kali Gandaki River watershed. The gateway to Upper Mustang, Kagbeni, is 3,700 meters. Kagbeni is an oasis in Mustang's parched environment.

The Kali Gandaki River glides tranquilly through the landscape. Kagbeni, far from the Sprint City and Dance Festival, awaits its strong beauty. The enigmatic Luri monastery is one of the best venues to obtain siddhi via meditation. Make your trip to Kangbeni one you'll never forget.

Kagbeni is a small village, but its natural beauty, culture, tradition, and landscape have won over people worldwide. Some historic monasteries are worth visiting. The main jobs were farming, taking care of animals, trading, picking apples, and making apple brandy and wine.

Ghar Gumpa in Mustang

Luri Gompa

A tour to Luri Gompa in Mustang allows you to explore the Himalayan Kali Gandaki valley's natural, cultural, and geographical richness. Luri Gompa is a significant cultural legacy of Upper Mustang, Nepal. It is connected to the Tibetan Buddhist Nyingma Kagyupa Sect.

In Upper Mustang, Lo's forbidden kingdom, there is a lonely monastery called Luri Gompa two kilometres from the town of Yara. The natural sandstone pillars of the entire monastery complex add to its beauty and security. An uphill trekking trail leads to Luri Gumba's single entrance. The cave monastery has two chambers. As early as the 14th century, there were many paintings on the walls and ceiling of this monastery.

Chhoser Cave and Monasteries

The Jhong Cave in Chhoser is one of the most impressive caves in Nepal's upper Mustang. Chhoser Cave in the upper Mustang is a stunning cave with five storeys built into a cliff. There are almost 40 distinct rooms inside the cave. Trekkers must ascend some steep stairs to visit this cave. There are numerous ladders to climb within the cave to reach different levels.

The breathtaking scenery of Chhoser Valley can be seen from the window of Jhong Cave. This place has a magical look because of its beautiful landscape, remote villages, and thousands of cave systems. It takes two hours to walk to this cave from Lo Manthang, Nepal, and it takes two hours. The five-story Cave of Chhoser is among the most fascinating caves in Upper Mustang.

Lo Manthang by Jeep
Lo Manthang by Jeep

When is the best time to trek the Upper Mustang?

The weather conditions in the upper Mustang area stay best from September to November and March to May. In this time frame, you will have an exciting trekking experience while staying in the Upper Mustang.

The best time to visit Upper Mustang is during the autumn and spring months of September, October, November, March, April, and May. This is the best time to go trekking and exploring because of the weather in Mustang.

In September, the temperatures are mild, and the landscapes are still lush from the monsoon rains. October is considered one of the best months, characterized by clear skies, comfortable temperatures, and vibrant autumn foliage. Additionally, the Tiji Festival, a significant cultural event, often takes place in Upper Mustang during this time, providing a unique cultural experience. Even in November, trekking conditions remain good, with the lingering beauty of autumn scenery and fewer crowds on the trails compared to earlier months.

These months ensure a combination of pleasant weather, clear views of the Himalayan peaks, and an opportunity to immerse yourself in the distinctive culture of Upper Mustang without the challenges posed by extreme weather conditions. It's advisable to check current weather forecasts and trail conditions before planning your trip to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.

Upper Mustang in Summer

Nestled within Nepal's rain shadow, Upper Mustang remains untouched by the heavy summer rains that drench the rest of the country. As the days lengthen and the skies clear, this ancient land invites adventurers to explore its rugged beauty. With temperatures ranging from 13 to 20 degrees Celsius, the summer season in Mustang is ideal for trekking.

Embark on a journey through time and terrain, where every step reveals the secrets of a bygone era. In the Upper Mustang, a trekking experience awaits that transcends the ordinary, offering an unforgettable adventure amidst nature's grandeur.

However, due to the monsoon’s impact on the rest of Nepal, including Pokhara, flights may occasionally get postponed or canceled. Due to the rain in the lower part of lower Mustang, the slippery road connecting to upper Mustang is also not very good. But destinations from Kagbeni all the way to Jomsom will not have the effect of rainfall in the monsoon season in Nepal.

In Lo-Manthang, the Yartung festival is also held in August. Horse riding, singing, dancing, and archery are popular activities at the Yartung Upper Mustang Festival.

ViewAround Upper mustang in October

Upper Mustang in Autumn

The autumn season is another excellent time to explore Upper Mustang and the kingdom of Lo. Visibility and weather conditions are ideal for trekking at this time. After the monsoon, travelers enjoy fresh air, greenery, clear skies, beautiful scenery, and the ideal temperature to explore the Himalayas.

During the Nepalese autumn season, all conditions are ideal for hiking and trips across Upper Mustang.

This is really the end of the trekking season in Upper Mustang as lodges close and villages migrate from Pokhara to Kathmandu to wait out the harsh winters. Trails disappear under snow and heavy- duty winter gear Upper Mustang is considering a demanding trek, so a good level of fitness is required, this is a good time to trek, and no special gear is required.

Upper Mustang trip in Spring

As spring breathes new life into the mountains, the Upper Mustang region emerges as a haven for trekkers seeking adventure amidst blooming landscapes. The crisp air carries the scent of blossoming flowers, while the vibrant colours of rhododendrons paint the hillsides in hues of red, pink, and white. With the snow-capped peaks glistening in the sunlight, each step on the trail is a testament to the beauty of nature's renewal.

Spring is widely regarded as one of the best times to trek Upper Mustang, offering mild temperatures, clear skies, and optimal visibility for capturing stunning mountain views. As you traverse ancient villages and monasteries, you'll be greeted by warm smiles from locals eager to share their culture and traditions.

With fewer trekkers on the trail compared to the peak season, spring in Upper Mustang allows for a more intimate experience amidst the breathtaking scenery. So lace up your boots, pack your camera, and embark on an unforgettable journey through this enchanting Himalayan paradise.

Upper Mustang Trek in Winter

Winter in Upper Mustang is a tranquil escape from the world. From December to February, locals retreat to warmer valleys, leaving behind a snowy landscape veiled in serenity. With temperatures dropping as low as -25°C, and heavy snowfall blanketing the trails, winter transforms Upper Mustang into a pristine wonderland.

Despite the challenges, a few resilient souls remain, tending to their villages and animals. The trails, now quiet under a blanket of snow, offer a unique adventure for brave travelers.

Embrace the beauty of Upper Mustang in winter, where every step reveals a story of resilience and survival amidst the harshest of seasons.

Can the Upper Mustang trek be done in winter?

The winter season is the coldest in Nepal and extends from December to February because the area faces harsh weather conditions during this time.

During the winter, Upper Mustang becomes very cold. This time, almost everywhere is snow-covered around the mustang. You might have difficulty finding teahouses at that time. Although the weather and temperature over there are too high during the winter, the scenic beauty of the place doesn't fade.

Trekking to the upper mountain becomes challenging during the winter season. The highest point of the Upper Mustang Trek is 3800 meters. Upper Mustang experiences considerable snowfall during the winter, which can cause the paths to become snow-covered.It is better to avoid the trek during the winter, especially if you are a beginner.

How difficult is the Upper Mustang Trek?

The Upper Mustang trip has a moderate difficulty level. This is neither as comfortable nor as tough as the strenuous level treks.

However, like with other treks, you can tailor the difficulty level of the Upper Mustang walk to your specific requirements. There are no established guidelines for determining the difficulty level of a journey. The difficulty level is subjective to the abilities of the individual person. For the Upper Mustang Trek, four things determine the level of difficulty:

  • Walking duration per day and duration of the entire trek.
  • Altitude
  • Terrain
  • Remoteness

As a result, the difficulty level of your journey can be adjusted based on the paths you use, the locations you visit, and the length of time you spend trekking. You can also make the trek easier by preparing for it in advance. You can do this by physically and mentally preparing for the trip, eating balanced meals, choosing favorable seasons to trek and so on.

Mustang view in April
Mustang view in April , Photo Credit Mustang Trek Nepal

What are the ideal months for trekking in Upper Mustang?

We can do this trek around the months; the following are the ideal months of the year:.


March is a favourable time to visit Upper Mustang due to its transitional weather. The temperatures start rising, making it more comfortable for exploration. The region blooms with wildflowers, and the landscape becomes vibrant.

Additionally, March offers clear skies and stunning views of the Himalayas, providing an excellent backdrop for trekking and sightseeing in Upper Mustang. However, it's essential to be prepared for varying temperatures and to check local conditions before planning your trip.


April is considered one of the best months to visit the Upper Mustang. During this time, the weather becomes more stable, with warmer temperatures and clear skies.

The landscape is in full bloom with colourful flowers, creating a visually stunning environment for trekkers and travellers. The conditions are ideal for trekking, and the views of the Himalayas are spectacular.

April offers a great balance between pleasant weather, scenic beauty, and cultural experiences in the Upper Mustang, making it a popular choice for those planning a visit to the region.


October is a favorable month to visit Upper Mustang in Nepal. During this time, the weather is generally stable, and the region experiences clear skies and comfortable temperatures, making it an excellent choice for trekking and exploration.

In Upper Mustang in October, daytime temperatures typically range from around 5 to 15 degrees Celsius (41 to 59 degrees Fahrenheit). The weather is relatively dry, with minimal rainfall, as the monsoon season has usually come to an end by this month. The landscapes are still lush from the earlier rains, offering a picturesque setting for trekkers.

One of the highlights of visiting Upper Mustang in October is the celebration of the Tiji Festival. This annual event, celebrated by the Mustang people, involves colorful ceremonies and cultural performances that provide a unique cultural experience for visitors.

The trekking routes, including those around Upper Mustang, are in good condition during October, making it an ideal time for trekking enthusiasts. The views of the Himalayan peaks are often clear and stunning, adding to the overall appeal of the region.

In summary, October is considered one of the best months to explore Upper Mustang due to its pleasant weather, vibrant landscapes, and cultural festivities.


November in Upper Mustang marks the transition from autumn to winter. During this month, the weather begins to cool down, and temperatures can range from around 0 to 10 degrees Celsius (32 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit) during the day. The nights become colder, and there's a gradual decrease in daylight hours.

While November is generally a dry month in Upper Mustang, it's essential to be prepared for colder temperatures, especially at higher elevations. Trekkers may encounter freezing temperatures, particularly during the night, so appropriate clothing and gear are crucial.

The landscapes in Upper Mustang during November retain much of their autumnal beauty, with colorful foliage and clear skies. This can provide a visually stunning backdrop for trekking and exploration. Trekkers should be prepared for varying weather conditions and potential changes in trail accessibility.

In summary, November offers a unique experience in Upper Mustang, with the beauty of autumn lingering and the onset of winter conditions. While the weather is generally favorable for trekking, being prepared for colder temperatures and the possibility of snow is important for a safe and enjoyable journey.

Beautiful View in Mustang
Beautiful View in Mustang

Some FAQs

How is the weather in Upper Mustang during different seasons?

The weather in Upper Mustang varies significantly by season. Spring and autumn offer mild temperatures and clear skies, while summer brings rain to some parts and monsoon conditions. Winter brings cold temperatures and snowfall.

How crowded does Upper Mustang get during peak trekking seasons?

Upper Mustang can get crowded during peak trekking seasons, especially in spring and autumn, but the number of trekkers varies depending on specific routes and trekking preferences.

What are the advantages of trekking the Upper Mustang in the spring?

Spring offers blooming landscapes, pleasant temperatures, and clear views, making it an ideal time for trekking in the Upper Mustang.

How does the monsoon season affect trekking conditions in the Upper Mustang?

The monsoon season brings heavy rainfall to some parts of the Upper Mustang, making trekking challenging due to muddy trails and reduced visibility.

What are the highlights of trekking in the Upper Mustang during the autumn?

Autumn in Upper Mustang offers clear skies, vibrant landscapes, and mild temperatures, making it perfect for trekking and enjoying the stunning mountain views.

Are there any specific challenges associated with trekking the Upper Mustang during certain seasons?

Each season in Upper Mustang presents its own challenges, such as rain and mud in summer, cold temperatures and snow in winter, and potential crowding during peak seasons.


The Upper Mustang is a moderately difficult trek. It's a thrilling voyage to a beautiful destination. This region boasts unparalleled natural beauty and cultural variety.

If you intend to go on the Upper Mustang Trek, you should consider when it is best to do it. Now you can determine that the best times to go Mustang Trek are in the autumn and spring.

If you are an experienced trekker, trekking will be easy in any season. However, if you are a new trekker, getting some physical training before traveling to Upper Mustang is recommended.

Contact Himalayan Recreation, who will also give you more information about the Upper Mustang Trek. In addition, we offer many trekking routes too.

Some popular trips in Nepal

Jyoti Maharjan

Jyoti Maharjan

Jyoti is our competent team member, a travel enthusiast, and a passionate explorer of the majestic Himalayas of Nepal. With a Bachelor's degree in Travel and Tourism Management from NATHM, she brings a wealth of knowledge and expertise to Himalayan Recreation.

She has primarily been working as an exceptional content writer and planner for Himalayan Recreation. Her passion for writing shines through in the travel content she creates. She takes great joy in sharing the beauty and wonders of Nepal's mountains and nature through her writings.

In addition to content writing, she also holds a professional trekking guide license and has guided multiple visitors to various parts of Nepal. Although she was born and raised in Kathmandu, she has developed a deep bond with the mountains. Those high peaks serve as her constant source of inspiration and motivation.

With her extensive travels across different paths in Nepal, she has grown a connection with the mountains and has a keen understanding of their significance to both locals and travelers alike.

When she's not guiding or writing, you'll probably find her on the trails, exploring the breathtaking landscapes and immersing herself in the serenity of nature. As a valued member of our team, along with her expertise, she further brings a genuine passion for travel and the outdoors. Contact me by WhatsApp or Email, I am available online 24/7.

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