Mount Everest: The Majestic Symbol of Our Planet

  • Barsha Thapa
  • Last Updated on Jun 18, 2024

Mount Everest, the world's highest peak, proudly stands as the crown jewel of the Mahalangur Himal sub-range in the vast expanse of the Asian Himalayas, straddling the border between Nepal and Tibet. Its towering height of 8,849 meters (29,032 feet) above sea level makes it an irresistible magnet for tourists from every corner of the globe.

Every year, Nepal welcomes a multitude of adventurers eager to embark on the iconic trek to Everest Base Camp, while seasoned and skilled mountaineers set their sights on conquering the summit of Everest itself.

Throughout history, Everest has been bestowed with various names by people worldwide. However, in the 19th century, it was officially named after the former surveyor general of India, George Everest. Yet, long before this, it was known by the Tibetan name "Chomolungma," meaning "Goddess Mother of the World," representing the ancient reverence held for this majestic peak. In Nepali, it is known as "Sagarmatha," which translates to "Goddess of the Sky," encapsulating the ethereal majesty that it embodies.

The Sierra of Everest encompasses not only the towering pinnacle of Everest itself but also three other of the world's highest mountains: Lhotse (8,516 meters / 27,940 feet), Nuptse (7,855 meters / 25,771 feet), and Changtse (7,580 meters / 24,870 feet), forming an awe-inspiring panorama that leaves all who behold it in awe of nature's grandeur.

Climbing Mount Everest
Climbing Mount Everest


Highlights of Everest

  • Mount Everest is a natural wonder on our planet.
  • Trails filled with many new adventurous challenges.
  • Cultural significance of Nepal and Tibet people. 
  • Awe-inspiring wide views of mountains.
  • The best trekking destination for tourists.
  • Home for diverse ecosystems.
  • Unity between the cultures of Tibet and Nepal.

History of Mount Everest

Westerners first spotted Mount Everest in the 19th century, during the Great Trigonometric Survey of India. British surveyor Sir George Everest led this Trigonometric Survey.

After the discovery of Mount Everest by George Everest, Mt. Everest was officially named after Sir George Everest.

Many people attempt to climb Everest in the early 20th century, but everyone fails their attempt. 

George Mallory and Andrew Irvine were the first two British mountaineers who attempted to climb Mount Everest but disappeared during their 1924 expedition.

It is still unknown whether they have reached Everest or not because they were found dead. 

The first successful ascent of Mt. Everest was achieved on May 29, 1953, by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tensing Norgay.  

Sir Edmund Hillary was from New Zealand and Tensing Norgay was a Sherpa boy from Nepal. Edmund Hillary built an airport at Lukla, which was later named Hillary Airport. 

Where is Mount Everest located?

Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world, is an iconic symbol of natural grandeur and human ambition. Situated amidst the imposing Himalayas in southern Asia, Mount Everest shares a border with Tibet, an autonomous territory of China, and Nepal. Its precise location is in the Mahalangur section of the mountain range, with geographical coordinates at 27.9881 degrees N latitude and 86.9250 degrees E longitude.

In Nepal, Mount Everest is located on the southern side in the renowned Khumbu region. This area falls under the Koshi district in Province No. 1, making it a significant landmark in Nepal’s diverse topography. The Khumbu region is famous for its challenging trekking routes and Sherpa culture, which attracts adventurers and mountaineers from around the globe.

On the northern side, Mount Everest is part of Tibet. Access to Everest from this side is typically gained through the town of Tingri, which serves as a gateway for climbers and explorers venturing to the world's highest summit.

Whether approached from the rugged terrains of Nepal or the expansive landscapes of Tibet, Mount Everest remains a breathtaking destination, symbolizing the pinnacle of natural beauty and the ultimate challenge for climbers worldwide.

Everest Base Camp
Everest Base Camp

 How do I get there?

There are two ways to reach Everest, one from the southeast of Nepal, which is known as the southern route, and another from the Tibet side. Moreover, tourists find it easier to go to Mt. Everest from Nepal.

Thousands of tourists visit Nepal every year to climb Everest. Climbing Everest has become a passion for people.   

The distance of Everest from Kathmandu is 200–300 km. To reach Mt. Everest from Nepal, take a flight to Lukla airport from Kathmandu. 

Then, trek to Everest base camp for about 10–12 days. After reaching base camp, you can start your climb from base camp to mount Everest.  

This process will take 50–60 days to reach the summit from base camp.

You might face many obstacles on your way. So, all necessary equipment should be pre-prepared for climbing.

What is the height of Everest?

The highest peak of the earth, Mount Everest, has attracted everyone from all around the world because of its height. 

Mount Everest is the tallest mountain range in Asia. Its height is 8,848 m (29,029 ft) above sea level.

But a 2020 survey conducted by China and Nepal recorded the new height of Everest. They used differential GPS to measure the height of Everest. According to that survey, the height of Everest is 8,848.86 m. 

The top of Mt. Everest is known as the “Death Zone,” where the air is too thin for a human to live. You have to carry an oxygen bottle with you while climbing Mt. Everest.  

The best season to visit Mount Everest

While there are no seasonal restrictions for visiting Mount Everest, each time of the year offers its own distinct charm. However, the spring season, spanning from March to May, stands out as the prime time for those aiming to conquer Everest's summit.

During spring, nature paints a mesmerizing canvas, offering mild temperatures, clear skies, and a reduced chance of snowfall or rain. This optimal weather condition not only facilitates climbing but also provides an unparalleled opportunity to immerse yourself in the picturesque landscape surrounding Everest. As you traverse the trails, you'll be treated to breathtaking vistas of towering peaks, winding rivers, and lush forests, creating a truly unforgettable journey.

While spring is often heralded as the best time to visit Mount Everest due to its favorable climbing conditions and stunning natural beauty, every season unveils its own unique allure, ensuring that adventurers will find magic on the world's tallest peak regardless of when they choose to embark on their expedition.

Way to EBC
Way to EBC

Where should I stay while visiting the Mount Everest Region?

When it comes to accommodations in the Everest region, the options are as diverse as the breathtaking landscape itself. As you embark on your journey towards Mount Everest, you'll find a myriad of choices ranging from cozy tea houses to luxurious lodges, all offering a blend of comfort and adventure.

Along the trail to Everest, you'll encounter numerous tea houses, lodges, homestays, and hotels, each providing essential amenities such as free Wi-Fi and hot water shower facilities. While many of these accommodations offer these basic services, some may charge additional fees for extra amenities and services to enhance your stay.

Among the notable accommodations in the region are Hotel Everest View, Panorama Lodge and Restaurant, Namche Terrace, and 360 View Lodge, each offering its own unique charm and hospitality to weary travelers.

However, it's essential to note that as you venture closer to Everest Base Camp, the availability of facilities diminishes. Beyond the base camp, you won't find tea houses, restaurants, or hotels along the other routes. Instead, you'll rely on various camps strategically positioned along the ascent to the summit.

The final camp on the way to Mount Everest's summit is the South Col, situated at an elevation of 7,920 meters (26,000 feet). Here, amidst the extreme altitude and challenging terrain, climbers find themselves in a world where every step brings them closer to the pinnacle of human achievement, with the only 'accommodation' being the sturdy tents and the indomitable spirit of the climbers themselves.

Mount Everest Temperature

Mt. Everest is situated in the Mahalangur Himalayan sub-range, and for this reason, Everest has a cold and snowy climate and weather annually. Everest is all covered with snow, and because of that, its temperature is always negative.   

  • During the spring season, which starts from March to May, the temperature is -15 degrees F and -26 degrees C.
  •  Autumn season, starting from September to November, the temperature falls to 15 degrees C and reaches a maximum at 20 degree C during sunny days. Minimum -10 degrees C at day and night.
  • The monsoon season starts from June to August in Nepal. The temperature rises from 10 degrees to 15 degrees C during the day and 2 degrees C at night. There are high chances of snowfall during this season. The trails are slippery at some point because of rainfall.
  • In the winter season, starting from December to February, the temperature is -37 degrees C on the top of Everest.

The temperature becomes freezing during the winter season and heavy snow falls on Mt. Everest. 

Things to do and places to visit in the Everest Region

  • EBC Trek: EBC Trek is a world-famous and adventurous trek, popular among tourists.
  • Khumbu Glacier: experiencing and witnessing the awe-inspiring power of glacial landscapes and the source of the iconic Khumbu icefall. 
  • Hiking and Trekking: Mt. Everest is a beautiful destination to hike and trek, with breathtaking scenery of mountains, rivers, and forests. 
  • Skiing: Mt. Everest is perfect for skiing because it is surrounded by a large number of Himalayan ranges.
  • Tengboche Monastery: Oldest Monastery in the Everest Region
  • Sherpa culture: You will get a chance to learn about the culture and traditions of the Sherpa community personally.
  • Helicopter Tour: There is a facility for helicopter tours, which is expensive. But you can see the Himalayan ranges and Mt. Everest closely.  
  • Kala Pathar: The morning view and sunrise from Kala Pathar over the towering peak will make your morning happy and beautiful. 
  • Sagarmatha National Park: The starting point of this national park is Monjo. 
  • Gokyo Valley: The unique geographical features and diverse topography of Gokyo have amassed people all around the world.
  • Namche Bazar: Namche is the most beautiful place that offers you delightful views of snowy peaks, This bazaar is famous for homemade yak cheese and butter. 
  • Khude and Khumjung: These two beautiful valleys are situated at the foot of Khumbu Yal-Lho, which is the sacred mountain of the Sherpa people living there.  
Everest View from Kala Patthar
Everest View from Kala Patthar

Challenges and Difficulties

Mt. Everest is the most challenging peak in the world. More than 300 people have lost their lives on Mt. Everest.

Around 200 dead bodies are still on the mountain, which are not removed because of the difficult and dangerous conditions.   

You have to face many difficulties and challenges on your way to Mt. Everest. It is very important to prepare yourself mentally as well as physically for Mt. Everest. 

Difficulties and challenges before reaching Everest

  • Altitude sickness
  • Breathing problems
  • Headaches
  • Pneumonia
  • Diarrhea
  • Heart attack
  • Strokes, etc. 

Challenges and Difficulties after summiting Everest:

  • Low oxygen level
  • High wind with heavy backpacks
  • Freezing Temperature
  • There is no one to console or motivate you when you emotionally and mentally need support.

Whereas unpredictable weather and high wind, hazards from avalanches, Khumbu icefall, heavy snowfall, falling rocks and ice, etc. are difficulties and problems that are faced because of nature,

Biodiversity of the Everest Region?

Mount Everest is the habitat of various creatures, whether they are animals, plants, or humans. Sagarmatha National Park, the gateway to Mt. Everest, has provided shelter to many flora and fauna. 


At the lower altitude, forested zones include birch, juniper, blue pine, firs, bamboo, and rhododendron.

The vegetation is found to be shrubs or trees above the forested zone. At higher altitudes, plant life is restricted to mosses and lichens. 


Mt. Everest is home to various birds and animals. Animals like red pandas, snow leopards, Himalayan tahr, Himalayan mouse hare, etc. are found on Mt. Everest. 

Around 118 species of birds are found on Mt. Everest, including the Impeyan pheasant, snow cock, blood pheasant, red-billed cough, etc.

View from top of the Everest
View from top of the Everest


Who was the first person to climb Everest without oxygen?

An Italian climber, Reinhold Andreas Messner, was the first person to climb Everest without oxygen.

Who was the first person to die on Mt. Everest? 

British chemist and explorer Alexander Mitchell Kellas was the first person to die on Mt. Everest in 1921.

Can anyone climb Mt. Everest without oxygen?

Yes, anyone can climb Mt. Everest without oxygen. But climbers and trekkers should be mentally and physically prepared.

How old is Mount Everest?

Mt. Everest was introduced 60 million years ago.

Who was the first lady to climb Mt. Everest? 

Japanese lady Junko Tabei was the first lady to climb Mt. Everest.  She was born on 22 Sep 1939 and died on 20 Oct 2016.


Mount Everest, a natural wonder of our planet, holds within its towering presence stories of both triumph and tragedy. It has witnessed the dreams and aspirations of many, some of whom have left their mark on its summit forever, while others have met the ultimate sacrifice.

For mountaineers, Everest is not just a peak; it's a testament to passion and dedication. The local Sherpa community, dwelling in the Khumbu region, reveres Everest as a sacred deity, weaving it into the fabric of their spiritual beliefs.

Everest is a symbol of human perseverance and ambition, a reminder of the unyielding spirit of exploration that resides within us. It invites us to explore its breathtaking beauty and to test the limits of our own capabilities. Yet, it also commands our respect, reminding us of the immense power and majesty of the natural world.

In the face of Everest's challenge, we are reminded of our shared humanity, our collective yearning to conquer the unknown. And in this journey, whether it be one of discovery, adventure, or personal growth, HIMALAYAN RECREATION stands by your side, ready to support you every step of the way, 24/7, as you embark on this extraordinary expedition and beyond.

Barsha Thapa

Barsha Thapa

Barsha Thapa is our competent team member, currently pursuing her studies at Public Youth Campus. Since 2022, she has been a dedicated part of Himalayan Recreation, where she contributes her skills and enthusiasm to promoting the wonders of Nepal.

Inspired by her colleague Jyoti, a travel enthusiast and expert content creator, Barsha has developed a deep passion for sharing the beauty and culture of the majestic Himalayas. Her role at Himalayan Recreation allows her to combine her academic pursuits with her love for travel and nature.

Committed to showcasing Nepal's unique experiences, Barsha assists in content creation and planning unforgettable journeys, ensuring that every traveler experiences the true essence of Nepal.

When she is not immersed in her studies or work, Barsha enjoys exploring new trails, discovering hidden gems, and immersing herself in the serene landscapes of Nepal. The mountains have become a significant part of her life, fueling her passion and drive to connect with nature and inspire others to do the same.

As a part of the Himalayan Recreation family, Barsha is always eager to share her knowledge and help fellow travelers create lasting memories. Feel free to contact her via WhatsApp or email; she is available online 24/7 for any inquiries or travel plans.

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