National Parks in Nepal : Explore 12 Best Home of Wildlife

  • Jyoti Maharjan
  • Last Updated on May 14, 2024

Nepal is a country that is gentle by nature and very diverse. People also consider Nepal a nature-gifted country because of its natural beauty. 

Nepal is rich in biodiversity. Nepal is the land of tourism. Thousands of tourists come to Nepal to explore its cultural, historical, and traditional places, festivals, religions, culture, etc. 

Tourists visit Nepal to be more social with nature and wildlife. Nepal is a fascinating country for tourists because of its national parks. 

A national park is one set aside by the nation’s government for the preservation of nature or the natural environment. National parks are set aside for public recreation and enjoyment because of their historical and scientific interests. 

The National Parks of Nepal are a magnet for tourists. A large number of tourists travel to Nepal just to explore wildlife up close. There are 12 National Parks in Nepal. Since 1973, the Nepalese government has established a network of 20 protected areas.

Let us take a brief look at Nepal's 12 national parks. At first, we discussed Nepal's first and most famous national park.

Chitwan National Park:

Chitwan National Park
Chitwan National Park

Chitwan National Park (the Heart of the Jungle) is the first national park established by King Mahendra in 1973. It is located in the Terai area, in the sub-tropical southern part of Nepal. It covers 952.6 km2 of area. This national park is also known as Royal Chitwan National Park. 

How do I get there?

By Air:

  • It takes 25 minutes to reach Bharatpur Airport from Kathmandu.
  • It takes another 25 minutes to reach the lodge from Bharatpur Airport.

By Bus:

  • The distance from Kathmandu to Chitwan is 181 km, which takes 6-7 hours by bus.
  • We will be providing you with a carefully cleaned, well-maintained, and roomy tourist bus.

FLORA and FAUNA

  • About 20% of the national park is covered by Grassland.
  • 50 different types of grass are found in Chitwan National Park, including elephant grass (Saccharum spp.), which can grow up to 8 meters in height.
  • Chitwan National Park has moist deciduous vegetation, which includes grassland, riverine forest, and sal with chir pine pinus roxburghii.
  • 56 species of herpetofuna.
  • 68 species of mammals, including rare mammals Bengal Tigers and One-horned Rhinos.
  • 544 species of birds, including some endangered birds such as the Bengal florican, lesser adjutant, oriental darter, Grey-crowned Prinia, and vultures like the slender-billed vulture, red-headed, white ramped, and oriental white-backed vulture.

   SUMMER MIGRANT BIRDS

  WINTER MIGRANT BIRDS

 Paradise flycatchers, Indian pittas, and parakeets.

 Waterfowl, Brahminy ducks, Pintails, bar-headed geese, and cormorants.

  • 126 species of fish, such as big-headed craps, Silver carps, Rohu, Naini, Mrigal, sliver fish, cat fish, eel, etc.

CLIMATE:

  • Humid Subtropical monsoon influence climate.
  • High humidity through out the year.
  • Monsoon start in mid-June and ease in late September.

BEST TIME TO VISIT:

  • The best time to visit this park is from October to early March.
  • At this time, it is pleasant at 25 degrees C.
  • Because Chitwan National park is in Terai area, it is better to carry light clothes rather than thick clothes.
  • It is better to make a trip of 3–4 days to explore the dangerous beauty of nature and Chitwan.

Cost and Budgeting:

ENTRY FEES:

Nepali

Foreigner

1000 Rupees

SAAR Countries

150 Rupees

2000 Rupees

Free

Below 10 years old

ELEPHANT RIDE:

2500 Rupees

Foreigner

1000 Rupees

SAAR Countries

200 Rupees

Nepali

BOATING:

1400 Rupees

Half Day

1800 Rupees

Full Day

Where do I stay? ACCOMODATION:

  • There are a large number of luxurious hotels, inns, and lodges.
  • If you want to explore the cultural and traditional beauty of Chitwan, then there are facilities at cultural and traditional inns.

THINGS TO DO:

  • Elephant ride, jungle safari in jeep and boating in Rapti river with rear Gharial Crocodiles.
  • Bath with elephants, canoeing, visit to the elephant breeding center, village walk, bird watching, jungle walk.
  • Gharial breeding center, exploring the Tharu cultural program and watching the view from the bank of the river are some of the beautiful parts of your trip.

LANDMARKS:

  • Bis Hazari Lake
  • Sauraha Tharu Village
  • Religious Place, Balmiki Dham
  • Umbrella Street, Pathihani
  • Elephant Breeding Center

CULTURE:

Tharu people are the main resident of Chitwan district. The culture that people follow is Tharu culture. Rich tapestry of traditional belief of Tharu Culture.

Plan to visit? Book the 2-Night, 3-Day Chitwan Jungle Safari Tour for your holiday.

Sagarmatha National Park

Gokyo Lake during the Sagarmatha National Park Visit
Gokyo Lake during the Sagarmatha National Park Visit

Sagarmatha National Park, which covers an area of 1,148 sq km, is located in the Khumbu District of Nepal. This national park is dominated by snow-capped mountains, including Mt. Everest, and encompasses glaciers, valleys, and tails. This national Park was established in July 19, 1976.

GETTING THERE:

BY AIR:

  • Take a short flight of 35 minutes from Kathmandu to Lukla.
  • Two days of walking up to Sagarmatha National Park.

BY BUS:

There is no facility for road routes in Sagarmatha National Park. There are two options for routes to reach Sagarmatha national park by bus. They are:

  • Route 1 travelling from Kathmandu to Jiri (100km away from Kathmandu).
  • Trek of 10 days from Jiri to Sagarmatha National Park.
  • Route 2 travelling by bus from Kathmandu to Village of salleri.
  • Trek of 5 days from Salleri to Sagarmatha National Park.

FLORA and FAUNA:

  • lower altitude or lower forested zone of the park includes (pine and hemlock forests, blue pine, firs, bamboo, and rhododendron.
  • While fir, juniper, brich, rhododendron, scrub, and alpine plants are found at higher altitudes,.
  • 118 species of birds are found in Sagarmatha National Park, including the Impeyan, Pheasant, snowcock, blood pheasant, red-billed cough, etc.
  • Sagarmatha National Park is the home of the red panda, snow leopard, musk deer, Himalayan tahr, merten, and Himalayan mouse hare (pika).

CLIMATE:

  • Humid subtropical climate in the lower altitudes and cold, dry conditions at the higher altitudes.
  • Heavy rainfall in the lower altitude (June–August).
  • by the Himalayans so cold temperatures in every year.

When is the best time to visit?

  • Two seasons are best for visiting Sagarmatha National Park.
  • Spring season from March to May.
  • Autumn season from October to November.
  • Avoid (June to September) because of heavy rainfall.

Entry Fees:

3000 Rupees

Foreigners

1500 Rupees

SAARC countries

25 Rupees

Local people of Nepal

Free

Below 10 years old

Do you have plans to visit there? Choose the best packages, such as the 14-Day Everest Base Camp Trek , the 17-Day Everest Base Camp and Gokyo Lakes trek or the 5-Day Short Everest View Trek.

ACCOMODATION:

You can find luxurious and beautiful hotels, lodges, inns, restaurants, and homestays easily.

Some of the popular hotels, lodges, and restaurants are Panorama Lodge and Restaurant, Thanka Inn Gokyo, and Machermo Lodge and Bakery.

THINGS TO DO:

  • Trekking, Hiking, Climbing and Expedition
  • Dudh koshi River for chilling
  • Hunting the cultural and traditional festivals and culture of local Sherpa peoples.
  • Exploring the beauty of tall and white Himalayans.
  • Trek to Ama Dablam.
  • Trek to highest part of Monastery.

LANDMARKS:

  • Everest Base Camp
  • Kalapathar
  • Ama Dablam
  • Gokyo lake
  • Khumbu Glacier
  • Tengbache Monastry

CULTURE:

It is home to Sherpa people. People here follow all Sherpa culture. They follow Buddhism, which is why their culture and religion restrict hunting animals, slaughtering, and reverence for all living beings.

LANTANG NATIONAL PARK

Langtang Nation Park (Kynjing Gompa)
Langtang Nation Park (Kynjing Gompa)

Lantang National park is the first Himalayan national park of Nepal. Additionally, it is the country's fourth protected area. Lantang National Park was established in 1976. This national park covers a 1710-square-kilometer area. It covers three districts (Nuwakot, Rasuwa, and Sindhupalchowk) of the central Himalayan region.

GETTING THERE:

The distance of Lantang National Park from Kathmandu is 112.1km. There is no facility for airplanes. You have to take bus to reach Lantang National park.

BY BUS:

  • Take a bus from Kathmandu to Syabrubesi, which will take 7-8 hours.
  • You can trek from Syabrubesi (Lama Hotel) to Lantang National Park, which will take 5–6 hours.

FLORA and FAUNA:

  • Animals like Red panda, Musk deer, Snow leopard, Himalayan tahr, etc. are found in Lantang National Park.
  • Rhododendron, Oak, Pine, hemlock forest, etc. are found in this national park.
  • Sub-tropical vegetation is found in the southern section of park.
  • Himalayan Monal, Tibetan Partridge, and Kalij Pheasant are found in this national park.

CLIMATE:

  • During Summer season, it has moderate climate, with temperatures ranging from 15 degrees C to 25 degrees C.
  • During winter, the temperature goes from 5°C to 10°C.

BEST TIME TO VISIT:

The spring season (March–May) is the best time to visit Lantang National park. The temperature goes from 10 to 20 degrees C.

Another best time is in the autumn (September–November). Temperature goes high at 22 °C and low at 14 °C.

Entry Fees:

1000 Rupees

Foreigner

600 Rupees

SAARC Countries

50 Rupees

Nepalese people

Free

Below 10 years old

Do you have plans to visit there? Then recommended packages are: 8-day Langtang Trek , 7 Days Langtang Valley trek, Langtang Gosainkunda trek packages, which are the best options. 

ACCOMMODATION:

  • You can easily find tea houses and guest houses with breakfast, lunch, and dinner.
  • Hotels and cafés like Country Villa, Holy Land Guest House, Hotel Mystic Mountain, the Last Resort, Peaceful Cottage, and Café.

THINGS TO DO:

  • Hiking and trekking
  • Tour to Lantang Valley
  • Trek to Gosaikunda Lake

LANDMARKS:

  • Gosaikunda Lake
  • Lantang Valley
  • Kyanjin Gompo and Kyanjin Ri

CULTURE:

Tamang People live in lamtang region. The people of Lantang follow Tibetan Buddhism. Animisem and Hinduism have had a lesser influence on them.

Banke National Park

Banke National Park

Banke National Park was established on July 12, 2010. It covers an area of 550 sq km, among which 343 sq km are buffer zones, which cover Banke, Bardia, Dang, and Salyan Districts. This national park reflects the government’s commitment to biodiversity conservation at the landscape level.

GETTING THERE:

  • Banke National Park is 483.7km from Kathmandu.

BY AIR:

  • Take a flight from Kathmandu to Surkhet.
  • From Surkhet to Banke National Park, take a bus. It will take 2 hours and 25 minutes.

BY BUS:

  • You can’t go to Banke Park directly from Kathmandu. If you are planning to travel by bus, then follow the following routes to make your travel easy:
  • Kathmandu to Gorkhapur
  • Take train from Gorkhapur to Tusipur.
  • Take bus from Tulasipur to Banke national Park. It will take 17 hours and 35 minutes if you travel by bus.

FLORA and FAUNA:

  • Four-horned antelope,bengal tiger, Gharial Crocodile, Python, striped hyaena, etc.
  • Sal, Seesaw, Khair, Karma, etc.
  • Giant hornbill, black stork, Bengal florican and lessur florican birds are found.

CLIMATE:

  • There are three distinct climates that you face in Banke national park.
  • From October to early April, the weather is dry and warm and at night it is cool and pleasant.
  • From May to June, temperatures grow up to 450 °C.
  • The monsoon started last September.

BEST TIME TO VISIT:

Early summer and autumn are the best times to visit Banke National Park. Between the months of October and March is the best time to explore Banke National Park.

Entry Fees:

1500 Rupees

Foreigners

750 Rupees

SAARC Countries

100 Rupees

Nepali

Free

Below 10 years old

ACCOMMODATION:

  • Different traditional and cultural-style homestays and inns.
  • Popular hotels like: Tower Night Stay, Nani and Babu Guest house, Hotel Central plaza, etc.
  • Tree house accommodation in Bardida.

THINGS TO DO:

  • Jungle Safari and hiking
  • Photography and art classes
  • Cycling and boating
  • Outdoor and adventurous activities

LANDMARKS:

  • Surkhet Valley
  • Ghanta Ghar (clock Tower) of surkhet
  • Bheri Bridge
  • Religious places like Deutibajai Temple
  • Kakrebihar

CULTURE:

Varieties of people live in Banke district, sharing the same boundary. Bharmin, Chhetri, Tamang, Tharu, Gurung, etc. groups live together, sharing love and harmony. A large number of people follow the tharu culture and tradition in banke.

SHUKLAPANTA NATIONAL PARK:

Suklapanta National Park

Suklapanta National Park is located in the far-western region of Nepal, in terai. This national park is bound by the Mahakali River from west and east. Suklapanta National Park covers an area of 305 sq km.

GETTING THERE:

The distance to Suklapanta National Park is 420km from Kathmandu. You can go there in two ways.

BY AIR:

  • Take a flight from Kathmandu to Dhangadhi, which will take 1.2 hours to reach Dhangadhi.
  • From Dhangadhi, take another flight to Mahendranagar, which will take 1.5 hours to reach Mahendranagar.
  • After reaching Mahendranagar, you can take bus to Suklapanta national park.

BY BUS:

  • Take bus from Kathmandu to Lucknow
  • After reaching Lucknow, take a bus from Kaisarbagh to Bareilly Satellite.
  • From Bareilly satellite to Suklapanta national park. It will take 20 hours and 23 minutes to reach Suklapanta National Park.

FLORA and FAUNA:

  • Plants like sal, gravel bars, Khair-Sisoo, and grasslands are found in Shuklapanta National Park.
  • Endangered animals like the one-horned rhino, royal Bengal tiger, swamp deer, and sloth bear are found in this national park.
  • Grassland, forests, riverbeds, and wetlands have elevations ranging from 174 to 1386m.
  • Bengal Florican, Common beafowal, pied hornbill, Jungle fowl, peacocks, etc. birds are found.

CLIMATE:

  • Suklapanta national park have subtropical monsoonal
  • During winter, it is fairly cold, with a daytime temperature of 7–12 degrees C.

BEST TIME TO VISIT:

  • spring season, from March to May, is the best season
  • Autumn season from (October–March).
  • From July to September, there was rainy weather.

COST:

1000 RupeesForeigners
500 RupeesSAARC countries
50 RupeesNepalese
FreeBelow 10 years old

ACCOMMODATION:

  • Different cottages, lodge, inns and homestays have wifi.
  • Some hotels, like Suda farm Sanctum, hotel nine/eleven, hotel swatik, etc.
  • Suklapanta Jungle Cottage.

THINGS TO DO:

  • Bird-watching and exploring wildlife
  • Jungle safari
  • Elephant ride
  • Trekking and jeep driving
  • Exploring Tharu culture and dinner

LANDMARKS:

  • Ghodaghodi tal
  • Dodharachadani Suspesion Bridge (mahakali river and bridge)
  • Rani tal inside Suklapanta National Park
  • Grassland of Suklapant.

CULTURE:

Mainly, the Tharu people live in this region. We are familiar with the Tharu culture in this region. We can explore the unique music, dance, food, and festivals of the Tharu community.

Bardiya National Park

Bardiya National Park

Bardiya National Park is the largest and most undisturbed national park in the terai region. It was established in 1988 as Royal bardiya national park. This national park covers a 968-square-kilometer area.

GETTING THERE:

There are two ways to reach Bardiya National Park. Bardiya National Park is 568.8km from Kathmandu.

BY AIR:

  • Flight from Kathmandu to Nepalgunj.
  • After reaching Nepalgunj, take a bus from Nepalgunj to National park. All together, it will take 4 hours and 54 minutes to reach Bardiya National Park from Kathmandu.

BY BUS:

  • Take a bus from Kathmandu to Ambassa or straight to Thakurdwara
  • From Thakurdwara take a bus to National Park. It takes 18 hours and 20 minutes to reach Bardiya National Park by bus.

FLORA and FAUNA:

  • The land of Bardiya National Park is divided into different parts. They are (Savannah, River rine forest, grassland and remaining of them are terrains).
  • Bardiya national Park is the home of Royal Bengal tigers, one-horned rhino, elephants, deer, dolphins, etc.
  • Lesser- Whistling Duck, Black eagle, Indian Spotted eagle, Rufous-billed eagle, etc. birds are found in Bardiya National Park.

CLIMATE:

  • Bardiya have three distinct seasons. They are Summer, Winter and Monsoon.
  • summer season starts in March–June, and the maximum temperature is 41 degrees C during summer season.
  • Winter starts in October–February, and the maximum temperature drops around 31 degrees C.
  • Monsoon season start in July–early October; during monsoon, temperature remain warm.

BEST TIME TO VISIT:

  • There are three best seasons to visit national park. Spring, Autumn and early Summer are wonderful time to explore wildlife.
  • Late February to July is the ideal time to sport tigers.
  • Late September to November is another great time to visit Bardia National Park.

Entry Fees:

1500 Rupees

Foreigners

750 Rupees

SAARC Countries

100 Rupees

Nepalese

Free

Below 10 years

ACCOMMODATION:

  • There are many beautiful resorts, homestays, cottages, etc. with free WI-FI and proper food.
  • Babai Resort, Hotel Central Plaza, Karnali Jungle Camp, Bardiya Wildlife Resort, etc., with the facilities of Wi-Fi and breakfast, lunch, and dinner.

THINGS TO DO:

  • River boating and fishing
  • Jungle walk and trekking
  • Elephant Ride
  • Jungle safari
  • Sleeping in tree house
  • Camping in the jungle

LANDMARKS:

  • Blackbuck Conservation Area
  • Elephant Breeding Center
  • Crocodile Breeding center
  • Tharu museum

CULTURE:

People from this region are mostly Tharu. They follow the tharu culture. Tharu people worship forest nature. Music, Dance, Dress, foods, etc. amuse the people and reflect their cultural beauty.

Khaptad National Park

Bardiya National Park

Khaptad National Park is established in 1984. This national park is located in the far-western region of Nepal. Khaptad National Park covers 4 districts (Bajhang, Bajura, Doti and Achham). Its area is 225 sq km, of which 216 sq km is a buffer zone.

GETTING THERE:

It takes 3 hours and 4 minutes from Kathmandu to Khaptad National Park. The distance between Kathmandu and Khaptad National Park is 476sq km.

BY AIR:

  • Flight from Kathmandu to Surkhet, which will take 1 hour, 10 minutes
  • From Surkhet to Khaptad National Park by bus, which will take 1 hour and 49 minutes.

BY BUS:

  • Take a bus from Kathmandu to Silgadi
  • From Silgadi you can hire local vehicles to visit Khaptad National Park. It will take 8–10 hours to reach khaptad national park from Kathmandu by bus.

FLORA and FAUNA:

  • Snow Leopard, Musk deer, Himalayan Black deer, wild boar, Red panda, Jackel, etc. are found in Khaptad National Park.
  • Rhododendron, Fir, Oak, Bamboo, Deodar, Spruce, Pine, etc. are found in Khaptad.
  • Impeyan, Dhafe, Bulbul, Eagle, Flycatcher, Cucooks, partridiges, etc. birds are found in Khaptad National Park.

CLIMATE:

  • During Summer season (June–September), the temperature reach 20 degree C from 0.
  • In Winter (December–February), temperature fall up to 20 degree C.
  • Monsoon, which start in June and lasts until September

BEST TIME TO VISIT:

  • The spring season (September–November) is one of the best seasons for hunting wildlife.
  • Another season, autumn, which start from March to May in Nepal, is ideal time to explore the beauty of National Park.
  • During monsoon season (June through September), the path becomes muddy and slippery and we do not get a chance to enjoy our tour of the national park and can’t see animals clearly.

Entry Fees

1500 Rupees

Foreigners

750 Rupees

SAARC Countries

100 Rupees

Nepalese

Free

Below 10 years old

ACCOMMODATION:

  • Different tea houses and lodges are found easily in that region.
  • Hotels provide free WI-FI and food facilities

THINGS TO DO:

  • Trek to Saipal Himal
  • Hiking and trekking
  • Meditation
  • Camping
  • Bird watching

LANDMARKS:

Religious places like (Khaptad baba ashram, Nagadhunga, Kedardhunga, and Ganesh temple

CULTURE:

People of this region follow Buddhism. All the culture, religious, and traditions are based on Buddhism.

Rara National Park

Rara National Park
Rara Lake

Rara National Park is at an altitude of 2990m. It is the smallest national park of Nepal and was established in 1976. Rara National Park covers 106 km2. This covers two districts of Nepal: Mugu and Jumla.

GETTING THERE:

BY AIR:

  • Taking the flight from Kathmandu to Surkhet or you can take flight from Kathmandu to Nepalgunj
  • From Surkhet or Nepalgunj, take a bus or local transportation.

BY BUS:

  • Take a bus from Kathmandu to Surkhet or Nepalgunj
  • From Surkhet or Nepalgunj to Khaptad National park

FLORA and FAUNA:

  • The floras that you can see in Rara National Park are rhododendron, oak, pine, hemlock, etc.
  • Animals such as barking deer, wild boars, Himalayan black bears, etc. are found in this national park.
  • There are three endemic fish in Rara Lake, including Nepalese Snow trouts.

CLIMATE:

  • During the Summer, the temperature goes between 27 and 28 degrees C.
  • Extremely cold during winter, the temperature falls to -4 degrees C.

BEST TIME TO VISIT:

  • The spring and Early winter months are the best time to visit Rara national park.
  • September, October, April and May are the suitable months for Rara National Park.

Entry Fees:

3000 Rupees

Foreigner

1500 Rupees

SAARC Countries

100 Rupees

Nepalese

Free

Below 10 years old

ACCOMMODATION:

  • Different hotels, inns and homestays with three-time foods
  • Rara Sangrila resort and Rara Cultural Resort are the famous resort with free WI-FI.

THINGS TO DO:

  • Hiking and trekking
  • Boating
  • Horse Riding
  • Bird watching
  • Village walk and exploring the local culture of people.

LANDMARK:

  • Rara Lake
  • Religious places like Chhapura Mahadev and Rara Mahadev
  • Murma viewpoint
  • Chuchemara Peak and Ruma Khand

CULTURE:

There are various religious and ethnic groups that live in the Rara region. It has a mixed culture and tradition. Tharu, Brahmin, Magar, Chhetri, etc. peoples live together, sharing love and harmony.

Shey-Fosundo National Park:

Shey-Foksundo National Park

Shey-Foksundo National Park was established in 1984 and covers 3,555 sq km, of which 1,349 are buffer zones. It is the largest and only trans-Himalayan national park of Nepal. This national park preserves a unique trans-Himalayan ecosystem with a diversity of flora and fauna.

GETTING THERE:

BY AIR:

  • Flight from Kathmandu to Nepalgunj
  • After that flight to Juphal from Nepalgunj
  • A half-day walk from Juphal to Suligad

BY BUS:

  • Take a bus from Kathmandu to Suligad. It will take you 4 hours to reach your destination by bus.

FLORA and FAUNA:

  • Shey-Foksundo foksundo national park contains around 6 species of reptiles and 29 species of butterflies, including the highest flying butterfly in the world.
  • 200 species of birds, including yellow-throated marten, Tibetan partridge, woodsnip, wood accentor, etc.)
  • Shey-Foksundu National Park is the habitat of endangered species such as the snow leopard, Himalayan tahr, jackel, Himalayan black bear, etc.
  • Plants like rhododendron, pine, oaks, hemlock, etc. are the attraction of Foksundo national park.

CLIMATE:

  • There is an arid and monsoon-dominated climate in Shey-Foksundo Lake.
  • During winter, the climate is severe, with frequent snowfalls above 2,500m.

BEST TIME TO VISIT:

  • Autumn (September–November) has clear skies and a pleasant temperature that goes from 10 degrees C to 20 degrees C.
  • Spring (March–May) temperatures go from 2°C to 10°C.

Entry Fees:

3000 Rupees

Foreigner

1500 Rupees

SAARC Countries

100 Rupees

Nepalese

Free

Below 10 years old

ACCOMMODATIONA:

  • Various teahouses and homestays have different facilities.
  • Lodges, hotels, and inns with suitable and affordable prices.

THINGS TO DO:

  • Trekking and hiking
  • Upper Dolpo trek
  • Helicopter ride
  • Visit to Thasung Monastery

LANDMARK:

  • Shey-Fuksundo lake
  • Suligad Waterfall
  • Shey Gompa
  • Kanjiroba
  • Kang La Pass

CULTURE:

The people of Shey-Foksundo have a unique tradition and culture. Tibetan people live in this region. The people of the Shey-Foksundo region follow the Bon religion. Offerings to deities, purification ceremonies and chanting mantras are the rituals they follow.

Makalu-Barun National Park

Makalu-Barun National Park

Makalu-Barun National Park covers 1500 square kilometers, of which 830 square kilometers are buffer zones. This national park was established in 1992. Makalu-Barun National Park lies in Shankhuwasabha and Solukhumbu district of Nepal.

GEETING THERE:

BY AIR:

  • Flight from kathmnadu to tumlingtar
  • Khadbari to num
  • Trek to tashi gaun
  • 5hr hike to khongma dada
  • Khongma Dada to Yangle Kharke
  • From Yangle to Makalu base camp

BY BUS:

  • Take a bus from Kathmandu to Khandbari
  • After reaching Khandbari, take an 8 and a half-hour ride to Makalu.

FLORA and FAUNA:

  • There are 25 species of rhododendron, 47 types of orchid, and 56 other rare plants.
  • Around 78 species of fishes and 43 reptiles are found in this national park.
  • Endangered animals like the Asian golden cat are found in Makalu-Barun National Park.
  • Some animals that are found in this national park are the snow leopard, Himalayan tahr, red panda, ghoral, etc.

CLIMATE:

  • Monsoons start in June in Makalu-Barun National Park.
  • Lower elevation is temperate throughout the winter season and hot during April and May.

BEST TIME TO VISIT:

  • Spring season (September to November)
  • Autumn season (march to april)

Entry Fees:

3000 Rupees

Foreigner

1500 Rupees

SAARC Countries

100 Rupees

Nepalese

Free

Below 10 years old

ACCOMMODATION:

  • You can easily find different hotels, homestays, and lodges.
  • Khumbu Resort, Mewa Khola Hill Resort, Nirvana Club Health and Golf Resort, etc. are the famous resorts of Makalu.

THINGS TO DO:

  • Trekking and hiking
  • Mountain Expedition
  • Peak climbing
  • Bike Ride

LANDMARK:

  • The world's fifth-highest mountain is Makalu.
  • Chamalang
  • Barunste
  • Mera Peak
  • Barun Valley

CULTURE:

This place is home to various indigenous communities. Most Sherpa, Rai, Limbu, and Tamang people live in this region, and they follow Buddhism.

Parsa National Park

Parsa national park

Parsa National Park has an area of 627.39 . sq km, of which 285.30 sq km are buffer zones. This national park is located in the south-central lowland of terai region. Parsa National park was established in 1984.

GETTING THERE:

BY AIR:

  • Flights from Kathmandu to Simara, which take 15–20 minutes
  • After reaching Simara, take a ride to the park headquarters.

BY BUS:

  • Take a bus from Kathmandu to birgunj.
  • From Birgunj, take local transportation to the National Park.

FLORA and FAUNA:

  • We can see the Alluvial Grassland and subtropical moist forest in Parsa national park.
  • Some floras that we can see in Parsa National Park are sal, khair, silk cotton tree, sissoo, etc.
  • Fauna such as Indian rhino, Bengal tigers, Gaurs, etc. are found in Parsa national park.

CLIMATE:

  • During summer season (April–June), the days are hot and humid, with a temperature of 40 °C.
  • In winter (October–December), there is a pleasant temperature with clear skies and temperature falls to 0 degrees C.
  • In spring (January–March), water becomes scarce and temperature rise.
  • Monsoon start from July to September.

BEST TIME TO VISIT:

  • The spring season (September to November) is the best time for vacation.
  • Another Autumn season (March–May).

Entry Fees:

1000 Rupees

Foreigner

600 Rupees

SAARC Countries

100 Rupees

Nepalese

Free

Below 10 years old

ACCOMMODATION:

  • Different homestays reflect the culture of the local people.
  • Rapti village resort, nature safari camp, safari wildlife lodge and café, etc. hotels and lodges are available with free WI-FI.

THINGS TO DO:

  • Jungle safari
  • Elephant ride
  • Jungle walk
  • Boating

LANDMARK:

  • Mathiya New Bridge
  • Ganga Island
  • Archeaological Museum
  • Birgunj Ghantaghar

CULTURE:

People of Parsa follow Tharu culture. There are unique dance, music and traditions of tharu communities which attract tourists. They have their own beauty in their culture.

Shivapuri National Park

Shivapuri National park
View during the Shivapuri National park trip

Shivapuri National Park is the nearest park from Kathmandu. Shivapuri national Park covers an area of 159 sq km; among that, 118.61sq km is a buffer zone. This national Park was established in 2002.

GEETING THERE:

Shivapuri National Park is 36km from Kathmandu. You have to catch the bus (Sutlej bus) that goes directly to Shivapuri National Park from Kathmandu.

FLORA and FAUNA:

  • There are 177 species of birds, of which 9 are enlisted as endangered birds.
  • 150 varieties of butterflies and 19 species of mammals, including (leopard, Himalayan black bear, wild cat, etc.
  • Plants such as rhododendron, sal, sissoo, khair, medical herbs, etc. are the specialties of this national park.

CLIMATE:

  • The climate of Shivapuri National Park is mild—not so hot, not so cold.
  • During the winter and monsoon seasons, there is a high chance of snowfall.

BEST TIME TO VISIT:

  • The autumn season (September–November) is the best time for hiking.
  • The spring season (March–May) is another ideal time to explore the national park.

Entry Fees:

1000 Rupees

Foreigner

600 Rupees

SAARC Countries

100 Rupees

Nepalese

Free

Below 10 years old

ACCOMMODATION:

  • A hotel is also available inside the National Park.
  • Hotels in Kathmandu such as malla hotel, Sagrila hotel, etc.
  • Different homestays and lodges have good facilities.

THINGS TO DO:

  • Hiking
  • Trekking
  • Camping

LANDMARK:

  • Nagarjun Waterfall
  • Budanilkantha temple
  • Holy river bishnumati and bagmati rivers

CULTURE:

All ethnic groups of people live together, sharing a beautiful bond with each other. Bhramin, Chhetri, Rai, Limbu, Magar, Tamang, Sherpa, Newari, etc. people have made their habitation in this area. They celebrate Jatras, Dashain, Tihar, Loshar, etc. festivals that are celebrated by the people of this area.

Some FAQs:

Which is the most visited national park of Nepal?

Chitwan National Park is the most visited and famous national park in Nepal.

Which is the nearest national park to Kathmandu?

Shivapuri National Park is the nearest park to Kathmandu.

Which is the newest national park of Nepal?

Banke National Park is the newest park of Nepal.

Which is the longest national park in Nepal?

Shey-Foksundo National Park is the longest national Park of Nepal.

Which is the shortest national park in Nepal?

Rara National Park is the shortest national park of Nepal.

CONCLUSION:

All the national parks have played a vital role in bringing back the beauty of Nepal in their own way. The National Parks of Nepal have the power to stack up people from all over the world.

Each and every national park has its own unique and special features that make it attractive to visitors. Some national parks are famous for their jungle safaris; some are for adventure, some for animals and birds, some for plants, medical herbs, and shurbs, and some for their culture and traditions.

The National Park of Nepal is the ornament of Nepal, which has enhanced the beauty of Nepal twice. Exploring the beauty, culture, and tradition of a new country, people, and place is one of the great things to do.

Hunting nature and wildlife from very close is one of the best experiences that you can have in your life. This will help you understand the real value of wildlife and nature.

Sometimes you just need to make your mind free from all the traffic in your life. So, without delay, its your time to take a break from the busy schedule of your life and explore nature with us.

If you have plans to visit Nepal and are choosing the right destination, then reach out to us for the best ever experience. 

Jyoti Maharjan

Jyoti Maharjan

Jyoti is our competent team member, a travel enthusiast, and a passionate explorer of the majestic Himalayas of Nepal. With a Bachelor's degree in Travel and Tourism Management from NATHM, she brings a wealth of knowledge and expertise to Himalayan Recreation.

She has primarily been working as an exceptional content writer and planner for Himalayan Recreation. Her passion for writing shines through in the travel content she creates. She takes great joy in sharing the beauty and wonders of Nepal's mountains and nature through her writings.

In addition to content writing, she also holds a professional trekking guide license and has guided multiple visitors to various parts of Nepal. Although she was born and raised in Kathmandu, she has developed a deep bond with the mountains. Those high peaks serve as her constant source of inspiration and motivation.

With her extensive travels across different paths in Nepal, she has grown a connection with the mountains and has a keen understanding of their significance to both locals and travelers alike.

When she's not guiding or writing, you'll probably find her on the trails, exploring the breathtaking landscapes and immersing herself in the serenity of nature. As a valued member of our team, along with her expertise, she further brings a genuine passion for travel and the outdoors. Contact me by WhatsApp or Email, I am available online 24/7.

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